Passive Form

July 22, 2012 at 8:12 am Leave a comment

Passive Form

Nonprogressive:

To be + Past participle

Progressive:

To be + being + past participle

To be

Simpe

Perfect

Present

is, am, are

has been, have been

Past

was, were

had been

Future

shall be, will be

shall have been, will have been

Passive structure

Passive Tense:

Simple present

Simple past

Simple future

Going to future

Present perfect

Past perfect

Future perfect

Present progressive

Past progressive

Structure:

Am/are/is + past participle

Was/were + past participle

Will/shall be + past participle

Is/am/are goint to be + past participle

Have/has been + past participle

Had been + past participle

Will/shall have been + past participle

Is/am/ are + being + past participle

Was/were + being + participle

Passive Structure:

Passive Tense:

Simple present

Simple past

Simple future

Going to future

Present perfect

Past perfect

Future perfect

Present progressive

Past progressive

Structure:

English is spoken here.

I wasn’t invited, but I went

You’ll be told soon.

Who’s going to be invited?

Has Mary been told?

I knew I had been forgotten.

Everything will have been done by Tuesday.

The  house is being painted.

I felt I was being watched.

PASSIVE structure

Unusual Passive tense:

Future progressive

Will be + being + past participle

Perfect progressive

e.g. has been + being + past participle

PASSIVE structure

Two Object Verbs:

2 possible passive structures for verbs with two objects

e.g. They gave the winner a prize. (active)

the winner was given a prize. (passive)

a prize was given to the winner. (passive)

np: the structure with the person as sugject is probably more common.

PASSIVE structure

Causative Have

To talk about something which we arrange for someone else to do for us

Have                +          object         +                past partriciple

                                I am having                            a garage                       built at the moment.

How often do you have                           your hair                      cut?

We had                           our computer              serviced.

Simon has just had                           a suit                             made.

You should have                           your eyes                      tested.

Are you going to have                           new carpets                  fitted in you flat?

PASSIVE structure

Compare:

I’m building a garage at the moment.

(I’m building the garage myself.)

I’m having a garage built at the moment.

(I arranged for someone else to do this for me.)

wkf

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